It is difficult to address the issue of media in the Arab region from one perspective; it certainly has a political and legal dimension linked to the nature of the ruling regimes and their position within the course of democratic transformation. There is as well another important dimension related to the challenges and professional issues associated with the work of journalism and media in the Arab region. there are two main challenges related to the media: the first is professional and legal related to the organization of its work and the development of its cadres, and the second is the political context in which it performs. If the problem of the political context is somewhat resolved and a democratic system is built, this will not automatically solve the problems of media that are related to its institutionalism or professionalism.
In this book, we try to compare between some Arab experiences: Egypt, Lebanon, Tunisia, Yemen, Algeria and Morocco. These experiences differed from their political and social context. it varied in terms of the regulations that governed the media sphere and the scope they made in the process of democratization. Indeed, the comparison of these experiences is significant because each experiment has its own political and media context even if they have remarkable commonalities.
The book is divided into 8 chapters; it is dealing with a number of topics. First, it tackles the issue of media between the established and modern conducts, and then it is approaching the idea of political polarization and private media with a focus on the Egyptian case and more specifically the status of private Egyptian satellite channels.
The book as well tackled the issue of how to manage public media institutions that are owned by the state in the German experience in comparison to the Egyptian context and the challenges it is facing. It dealt as well with the subject of Media and societal and political movements through a reading in the Lebanese experience. The other topic is about media- in the post conflict contexts- with a focus on the Yemeni experience from the popular uprising to the armed conflict (2011-2015).
The book tackled the issue of Tunisian media post the revolution between animosity, freedom, and marginalization. The Algerian experience concentrated at the media status from 1962 to 2016 with studying the political paradigm, the legal framework, and the economic model it presented in the different eras. The last experience was the Moroccan experience with a focus on the effect of the political context on Media in Morocco.
some conclusions concerning the relationship between media and the political process in different Arab countries was analyzed. This relationship is complicated in a way that makes it difficult to separate the two. For example, it is not possible to say that media problems can be solved within an undemocratic system and it is similarly hard to say that all media problems are bound to disappear as soon as a democratic transition starts. This is because issues pertaining to professionalism and institutionalization will still hinder introducing reforms to the media. However, it is possible to say that such issues are easier solved in a democratic context.
The Full book is available in Arabic on the following link: http://bit.ly/2ZABbyx