Social disparities and class distinction in the Arab region

Capitalism has since the Industrial Revolution presented itself as the only way towards human progress and the ideal social system. According to capitalist ideologies, society is basically run by the elite in the form of those specialized in political and management sciences, finance, accountancy, and economics, which means a separation between the production process and the management process. In other words, society will be separated from the centers of wealth and profit accumulation or will be deprived of its collective production. This system is not new, for it is only a modern version of societies that were divided according to…

Youths and Radical Groups from the Perspective of Youths

Radical religious groups witnessed three phases of transformation in their contemporary history. They started with big jihadi organizations then were reduced to small cells until big organizations made a powerful comeback that was distinguished by the use of tactics that were quite different from those used by their predecessors in the 1970s.

Social justice in the Arab region between street politics and political paths

The concept of social justice was reflected in the discourse of several Arab political platforms whether partisan, parliamentary, or presidential, yet this discourse remains detached from actual policies on the ground and some of them were even at times not in line with social justice to start with. Some of the approaches only focused on one dimension of social justice such as, for example, fair wages which being a main component of the comprehensive concept of social justice cannot be presented as the only demand. The result is that other social justice indicators, which are linked to an entire set…

Cross- Party Relations and Political Transitions: Negotiations and Compromise

Political Parties have a duty to the public to work together in the interests of the political system as a whole. Although it is important for parties to have distinct political positions, they must be ready to compromise and to reach political settlements at times of transition and serious conflict. Nevertheless, some political parties can see negotiation and compromise as a sign of weakness, particularly at times of crisis and upheaval in the political system.

Commitment to the Party Line: Egyptian and International Experiences

One cannot imagine that the crisis of party-line commitment faced by Egyptian political parties can be tackled or resolved without dealing with a key structural factor related to the process of establishing political parties following the Egyptian revolution. This was the historic moment that has ever since deeply affected the Egyptian political parties with its complications, manifestations, impacts and echo. The moments of the emergence of the Egyptian revolution and the first days of the revolution in the following 18 days were basically epic moments given the variety and diversity of the backgrounds of citizens and participants and the consensus…

Social Justice: Concept and Policies after the Arab Revolutions

When the Arab revolutions erupted in early 2011, social justice was one of the core direct demands, as well as an indirect demand through the use of slogans such as “dignity” and “freedom”. These two demands are basically associated with social justice in one way or the other. Thus, we cannot underestimate the role of the economic conditions that lack social justice in the outbreak of these revolutions. If we look at Tunisia and Egypt, we find that there are many similarities on this level. The two countries have adopted open market policies and integration into the global economy. The…

The Left and the Arab Revolutions

It seemed that the Arab revolutions came at the backdrop of a somehow clear absence of the Left factions and forces at the level of action as well as at the level of political impact in the Arab street on the different causes and concerns of the citizens. Still, Leftist forces, old as well as other new ones, born from the womb of the conflict in the last years of the new millennium, have tried to play different roles in connecting with the waves of the Arab Spring and trying to reorganize their ranks and their political cards as players…

The Egyptian Shura council and the international experiences

The Egyptian Shura Council is one of the most controversial political bodies in Egypt, caught between those who support its continuation and those who believe it should be abolished. This is an old debate in Egyptian politics that dates back to the Council’s founding under President Sadat. However, this debate was given a boost in the wake of the revolution of January 25, 2011 in the context of attempts to revisit the past political legacy and build a new political system that meets current requirements.

Electoral Campaigns (Strategies and challenges)

The book aims to discuss different strategies used in managing election campaigns, focusing on the case of parliamentary elections in 2011 and the way various political and party blocs stood for election amid the difficult circumstances during the transitional period that followed the January 25 Revolution. At the end of every chapter, an international expert in the field of election campaign management will set out a number of recommendations and summarize international experience in this field

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