Georges Fahmi

Citizenship and Social Components in the Arab region

Many are confused by the senseless wars now spreading like wildfire throughout the Arab region. Some think that these conflicts have deep-rooted internal causes, such as the tension between Islamists and liberals. Others look at these conflicts from a sectarian and ethnic perspective and consider them rooted in fundamental disputes between religious or sectarian ideologies or between tribes and provincial regions. There is yet a third group that sees this as a crisis of old regimes that want to forestall the political changes initiated by the Arab revolutions and the foreign interventions that caused chaos in the region. There is…

Youths and Radical Groups from the Perspective of Youths

Radical religious groups witnessed three phases of transformation in their contemporary history. They started with big jihadi organizations then were reduced to small cells until big organizations made a powerful comeback that was distinguished by the use of tactics that were quite different from those used by their predecessors in the 1970s.

Alternatives’ Papers, the first issue, April 2015

This Issue: Follow-ups French from Arabic origins: crisis of integration. A Follow –up paper Future of Egyptian-Saudi relations in he light of regional and international changes. A Follow –up paper Issues Al-Azhar and Democratic transformation in Egypt. Dr. Georges Sarwat Fahmi Syria: Military interactions momentum on a moving map. Rabha Seif Allam Women and Citizenship: Reading the religious capital. Dr. Sameh Fawzy Book of the issue Book Review: Reinventing Democracy (From Greece to Occupy) Shimaa Elsharkawy Article Policy recommendation for the European Union towards a positive role to achieve social justice in the Arab world . Heba Khalil  

Youth Movements Post January 25th Liberation thoughts in face of Mubarak’s institutions

Youth movements, that became very active during the transitional period and till now, are among the most important manifestations of new ideas of aiming at changing the rules of the political game after the January 25th revolution. This paper aims at analyzing work and activities of these youth movements and nature of challenges they face pursuing changing the rules of the political game after the revolution and to what extent they can replace these rules with new ones. First: New ideas and liberating the public space: Part of the youth chose to engage in civic activities and social movements that…

The Left and the Arab Revolutions

It seemed that the Arab revolutions came at the backdrop of a somehow clear absence of the Left factions and forces at the level of action as well as at the level of political impact in the Arab street on the different causes and concerns of the citizens. Still, Leftist forces, old as well as other new ones, born from the womb of the conflict in the last years of the new millennium, have tried to play different roles in connecting with the waves of the Arab Spring and trying to reorganize their ranks and their political cards as players…

Parliament and the New Egyptian Constitution.. Executive Summary and Background

Executive Summary The challenge facing post-revolution Egypt is to draft a new Constitution which meets the aspirations of all Egyptian citizens and which provides a firm foundation to secure democratic and accountable government in Egypt. Following the fall of the Mubarak regime in January 2011, the process of Constitutional reform provides Egypt with an opportunity to make a break with past and address the inequalities and authoritarian behaviour which characterised the Mubarak regime. Yet despite these being the fundamental stated aims of the revolution, there exist, in the light of President Mursi’s Decree of 22nd November 2012, justified concerns that…

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