By Tariq Qutb

The general framework of the paper: This analytical paper of the Iraqi electoral scene in 2018 under the announcement of the Iraqi government success in liberating the territory of Iraq from ISIS, after more than three years of control over some of the the most important areas and cities of Iraq such as Mosul, Kirkuk, Anbar and Diyala. Also the success Iraq, a short while ago, and hard to overcome the crisis of the referendum of secession in the Kurdistan region, was associated with these developments increased political role of the militias and the popular crowd in the political scene and political splits that affected all blocs and alliances.

The paper discuss coalitions and coalitions and political blocs are important competing for seats in the Iraqi parliament such as Al Nasr alliance, headed by former Iraqi Prime Minister Haider Abadi. The Fatah bloc led by Hadi al-Ameri and consists of factions of the popular crowd, the alliance of the rule of law led by former Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki. Saairun alliance which is an alliance between Muqtada al-Sadr and the Iraqi Communist Party, the National Wisdom Movement led by Ammar al-Hakim and the youth of Iraq, the Iraqi Decision Coalition, the National Coalition, and the Baghdad Alliance.

Then, the Iraqi electoral system, which followed the proportional list with some exceptional representation of some minorities, ensured five seats for Christians and one for Mandean, Yezidis and Shabak. In these elections, voting conducted electronically in all regions with electronic counting machines.

The results of coalitions and and alliances: winning the coalition, “Saaron” ranked first, winning 54 seats out of 329, came the alliance. The Fatah bloc won 47 seats, while Nasr coalition has won a third with 42 seats, and won a coalition of law on 26 seats, and the Democratic Party Kurdistan has 25 seats, the National Coalition has 21 seats, the Wisdom Stream 19 seats, the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan Party 18 seats, and the Iraqi Decision Alliance won 14 seats. The results have already been announced by protests, skepticism and re-counting.

The most important conclusions of the paper that the context of questioning the policy and traditional politicians decreased the proportion of political participation. The results indicate the decline in the popularity of traditional political forces and reflect the accusations of corruption on the results and the desire to try new political forces. However, these new forces are facing difficulties associated with the mobilization of a majority sufficient to form a government, which has hampered the process of formation for months, and the paper points to the decline of the electoral crowd on a sectarian basis in exchange for the national and political propaganda of the new trends and alliances.

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